The skills are the same as those used when dealing with U.S. investors. But such skills have to be packaged in a manner that is at the same time clear, convincing, informative, articulate, direct, helpful, patient, and deal-oriented. Also, one must be aware of the differences in the level of involvement of various professionals. For example, in a number of other countries lawyers play a greater or lesser role than they typically play in U.S. transactions. Civil law systems often use civil law notaries, who play a much greater transaction role than U.S. notaries. Title insurance, which is universally desired or required here in the U.S., may be an unfamiliar deal requirement and an unanticipated deal cost for some foreign investors. Good communication and sensitivity to cultural differences can help to minimize or avoid misunderstandings and manage expectations of the foreign investor.